Opponent Process Theory
Now that theyre 11 Theorie der Gegenregulation-Opponent Process Theory Antinozizeptive Mechanismen Analgesie Opioid KoppertW. Allgemeine Psychologie 1: Die Opponent-Process-Theorie - Ist eine Habituationstheorie von Solomon und Corbit (), bezieht sich auf emotionale. Beiträge über opponent process theory von Dr. Christian Rupp.
Opponent Prozess TheorieGegenprozesstheorie - Opponent-process theory. Aus Wikipedia, der freien Enzyklopädie. Zur Anwendung auf die Farbtheorie siehe. In ihrer Opponent-Process-Theory of Motivation postulierten Richard L. Solomon und John D. Corbit anhand von Alltagsbeobachtungen - der. Now that theyre 11 Theorie der Gegenregulation-Opponent Process Theory Antinozizeptive Mechanismen Analgesie Opioid KoppertW.
Opponent Process Theory Navigation menu VideoOpponent process theory
Many different psychologists have proposed theories based on their personal beliefs. The opponent process theory first came about when Ewald Hering developed it in Ewald Hering was a German physiologist.
Wikipedia explains that the opponent process theory is a neurological and psychological theory that helps to describe a wide range of human behaviors , including our ability to see in color.
These include yellowish-blue and reddish-green. He proposed through opponent process theory that three active opponent systems control our color perception.
Within this theory, Hering endeavored to suggest that we have three independent types of receptors. Each receptor type has opposing pairs.
These are blue and yellow, red and green, and white and black. Through the opponent process of our different receptors, each of these pairs produces different color combinations.
This theory elaborates further on these differing receptors, suggesting that for each of the three pairs different chemicals occur and react in the retina for this purpose.
Wikipedia continues by explaining that each of these chemical reactions causes the systematic building up of one color and the destroying of the other color within each pair.
Each pair of colors opposes each other. This model proposes that habituation is a neurological holographic wavelet interference of opponent processes that explains learning, vision, hearing, taste, balance, smell, motivation, and emotions.
This wiki. This wiki All wikis. Sign In Don't have an account? American Psychologist, The theory was first proposed by German physiologist Ewald Hering in the late s.
Hering disagreed with the leading theory of his time, known as the trivariance of vision theory or trichromatic theory, put forth by Hermann von Helmholtz.
This theory suggested that color vision is based on three primary colors: red, green, and blue. Instead, Hering believed that the way we view colors is based on a system of opposing colors.
So which is correct? It turns out that both of these theories are necessary to fully describe the intricacies of human color vision.
The trichromatic theory helps to explain how each type of cone receptor detects different wavelengths in light. On the other hand, the opponent process theory helps explain how these cones connect to the nerve cells that determine how we actually perceive a color in our brain.
In other words, the trichromatic theory explains how color vision happens at the receptors, while opponent process theory interprets how color vision occurs at a neural level.
For example, some emotional opposing pairs include:. However, an hour after getting the award, you may feel a bit sad.
This secondary reaction is often deeper and longer lasting than the initial reaction, but it gradually disappears. Another example: small children becoming irritable or crying on Christmas a few hours after opening presents.
Solomon thought of this as the nervous system trying to return to a normal equilibrium. After repeated exposure to a stimulus, eventually the initial emotion wanes, and the secondary reaction intensifies.
In the first few exposures to an emotion-eliciting event, such an opponent process can act to return an organism to a state of emotional homeostasis or neutrality following an intensely emotional episode.
After repeated exposures, however, the State A response weakens and the. State B response strengthens. Thus, an initially positive emotional experience e.
As such, this theory has been commonly used to help explain the somewhat puzzling behavioral tendencies associated with addictive behavior.
Solomon supported his theory by drawing on numerous examples of opponent process effects in the literature. Thanks for your feedback! Sign Up.
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